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The Pomeranian, with an unique profile and equally defining attitude, this little dog is quite convinced he is a larger dog in a smaller package.  Capable of being a serious watch dog (will alert you to things that take his notice) as well as terrifyingly fearless (willing to take on foes that far outmatch him).  In appearance, his coat belies a beauty that hides the compact yet athletic body the breed possesses.  His spirit and spunk make him a joy to work with and the breed has distinguished itself in pet therapy, assistance dogs, flyball, agility, obedience and other dog activities.  While the Pom might be delighted to spend evenings at home snuggled on the couch after a good walk.. do not mistake him for a couch potato!
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General Information
Group(s): Toy Height: 8-11 inches
Weight: ideally 4-7 pounds, there is no teacup variety Longevity: 14-20 years is not uncommon
Colors: organge, red, white, black, blue, brown, beaver with tan or cream points, brindle also wolf sable and particolors Coat type: soft dense undercoat and long, straight topcoat
Recognized Registries: AKC, NCA, UKC, CKC, FCI, KC and others
Overall Appearance: Compact, jaunty Nordic breed, the Pomeranian's tail lies over its back and helps create (along with a correct proportion of leg to back length) a decidedly triangular appearance. Unquestionably of Spitz descent, he is truly a toy version with an exceptionally profuse coat.
Personaility - Behavior - Training
Energy Level: moderate to high
General Nature: active, alert, self assured
  with Children: can be intimidated by rough, boisterous and inconsiderate people of any age
  with other pets: generally good
  with dogs: generally good but with a fearless nature that could get him in trouble with larger dogs
Socialization requirements: moderate: without proper socialization the Pom can become anxious and lacking in confidence
Ideal home characteristics: developed as a companion dog, this is not an ideal companion for the household that has no one home during the day, otherwise very adaptable to a wide variety of lifestyles with heavy travel, apartment life, etc.
Temperament Notes: intelligent, jaunty, joyful, playful and tenacious
Training requirement: moderate: an inappropriately handled Pom can be a tyrant or a bundle of anxiety
Trainer notes: Care must always be taken to handle breeds of this diminutive stature with respect.  A drop or jump of even 12 inches can result in serious injury.  A Pom that lacks trust due to inexperience, lack of socialization or other causes can be difficult to handle but often can be brought around with patience and knowledge.  They are a joy to work with as a close partner but do require a trainer with some understanding of small dog techniques.  Proper socialization at an early age will guarantee the development of a confident dog that can be a joy to live with for a lifetime.
Background Information
Year range of first recognition: at current size, mid-late 1800s
Country of Origin: Germany/Britain
Original Function: ancester was nordic sled dog but the Pomeranian was developed as a companion
History: Developed in Germany in the 1700 and 1800s, they came to Britain and became the fancy of Queen Victoria. At the time, weighing around 30 pounds, a number of the Pom Clubs appealed for a reduction in the standard, which took it to 7 pounds.
Adoption Information
Deviations from Standard: oversized, undersized, loss of correct head (stop), eye shape (should be almond but will be round in poorer specimens)
Health Notes: patellar luxation, eye problems, poor dentition
Health Testing: OFA, CERF
Questions to ask Breeder:  - The Breeder Questions as listed here provided with explanations and answers you will want to be looking for!

  • How long have you had Pomeranians?
  • What do you look for in breeding stock?
  • What health clearances do you get for your breeding stock?
  • What titles do you seek for your breeding stock?
  • What do you consider to be correct temperament?
  • What health issues have you seen in the breed?
  • What advice do you offer for training, socializing and housetraining a puppy?
  • Do you have a written contract and puppy guarantee?
  • How did you choose the sire of this litter?
  • Will you be keeping a puppy from this litter?
Web Sites: - Pomeranian Rescue through the Pomeranian Club of America

Pet Abbey at is a great source for carriers and crates for Pomeranians and other great pets.

Other Resources
Breed standard: - Breed Standard of the Pomeranian Club of America

Breeder Ethics: - Code of Ethics for the Pomeranian Club of America

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