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The Pekingese breed profile is sponsored by visit PetWear to custom design your Peke's next designer dog collar, leash or more and then let PetWear hand make it and then ship for free!

The stately dog of the Forbidden City has survived many political upheavals to become the beloved companion of so many today.  Royal in every sense of the word, the Pekingese is clearly a dog of great antiquity, reflected in much art.  This doesn't mean much to the Peke however, he is as happy and jaunty a companion to the formal as the informal.  Because of their unique structure, special attention must be kept to maintain quality health throughout a frequently long life.

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General Information
Group(s): Toy Height: 10 inches and under usually
Weight: less than 12 pounds Longevity: teens
Colors: all colors and markings except albino and liver Coat type: long and luxurious, very thick
Recognized Registries: AKC and others
Overall Appearance: Long in body and short in leg, the Peke's stature is more a result of his imperial presence. Brachiocephalic (pushed in face) and tail over the back gives the Peke, with the addition of his long, lush coat, a very unique appearance, in the world of dogs.
Personaility - Behavior - Training
Energy Level: low to moderate
General Nature: very good but can't be indulged and must be supervised when with those who may not appreciate aspects of being small
  with Children: must be closely supervised with any small children
  with other pets: generally good though special attention must be maintained as the thick coat and pushed in nose make it easy for them to overheat especially when playing
  with dogs: generally good, socializing and supervision will help insure comfort around even bigger dogs
Socialization requirements: moderate: blessed with a typically easy going temperament, the Peke can neverthless become a tyrant or extremely fearful if overly indulged or mishandled
Ideal home characteristics: one that respects the happy and strong nature of this dog, enjoying all the color that comes with it, while still maintaining and nurturing a sense of balance with manners and socialization
Temperament Notes: stoic breed, very often health problems can go unnoticed as the Peke doesn't deign to inform its owners. Ideal companion for out and about or at home whether in a house or apartment.
Training requirement: Whatever keeps the owner and dog happy. Basic manners are a minimum to help maintain order and balance in the home.
Trainer notes: Keep sessions very short.  Due to the coat and head of the Peke, they can tire easily when working hard or overheat.  Keep training positive or the Peke will determine that the effort is not worth its time and simply shut down.  A happy Peke is a pleasure to have about, it's easily worth the addition time and fun it will bring you, to learn the training techniques, positive and suited to toy dogs, that will make it a pleasure for both of you.
Background Information
Year range of first recognition: ancient
Country of Origin: China
Original Function: companion
History: Originally never seen outside of the Forbidden City of China and could only be owned by royalty. In the fall of the emperor, a few were smuggled out, eventually developing small pockets that were spread over the world. Today's dog descends from those.
Adoption Information
Deviations from Standard: sparse coat, more muzzle, parti colors, incorrect structure
Health Notes: back problems, eye problems, respiratory problems,
Health Testing: CERF, heart and back evaluations
Questions to ask Breeder:  - The Breeder Questions as listed here provided with explanations and answers you will want to be looking for!

  • How long have you had Pekingese?
  • Why did you breed this litter?
  • Will you be keeping a puppy?
  • What health problems have you seen in the breed?
  • What health clearances do you get on your breeding stock?
  • Why did you choose this particular sire for the litter?
  • What titles do you seek for your breeding stock?
  • What suggestions do you have regarding socialization and training?
  • Do you have a written contract and puppy guarantee?
  • How old must a puppy be to go to its home?
Web Sites: - Northeast Peke Rescue with contact information nationally

Other Resources
Breed standard: - Pekingese Club of America with link at the top to their Standard

Breeder Ethics: - Code of Ethics from Pekingese Club of America.  These are very minimal and do not address questions regarding health and other concerns

Other: Please keep in mind that health concerns can vary in seriousness as well as prevalence.  A breed showing a number of health concerns may lack any that are truly life threatening (or are life threatening to only a very few members of its breed).  This information is offered so that the prospective home can screen their potential new companion and its source as well as that rescue, shelter or breeder might screen them in return to help insure an ideal fit.
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