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Japanese Chin (aka Spaniel)

The royal Japanese Chin still musters the bearing of the nobility.  With a confident step and a plumed tail (much like the most opulent hats of fashionable periods) the little dog has big presence.  With an exquisite personality and outlook, the fanciers of the Japanese Chin are fortunate indeed and work diligently in their efforts as custodians of the breed.

By Breed Name
By Breed Name
General Information
Group(s): Toy Height: 8-11 inches
Weight: 7-12 pounds Longevity: high teens
Colors: black and white; red and white or black and white with tan points Coat type: silky, straight and long single coat with a tendency to stand out from the body
Recognized Registries: FCI, UKC, AKC, CKC (Canadian Kennel Club), NCA and others
Overall Appearance: A well balanced, square built toy dog with a plumed tail carried over the back and a distinctively oriental expression. The lush coat is profuse, silky and straight adding a great deal to the dog's outline.
Personaility - Behavior - Training
Energy Level: moderate to high
General Nature: responsive and affectionate companion, aloof to strangers, intelligent and bred to be a companion above all
  with Children: As a very small toy dog, they are not suitable with small children, good with well behaved older (over 12) children
  with other pets: generally good
  with dogs: generally good but may be intimidated by larger dogs
Socialization requirements: rather high to prevent shyness or tyrannical behavior
Ideal home characteristics: One that appreciates that this is a complex personality that is inclined to be happy and confident but not simply a toy.
Temperament Notes: Intelligent and agile, this dog is delighted to simply be with their people whether active in a training ring or in the living room watching TV they don't care.
Training requirement: minimal: socialization and basic manners
Trainer notes: With the exception of the demands on the knees, to regularly bend over and assist the tiny dog, the Japanese Chin is a delight to work with.  Their happiness at being with their people, the attention during training and a natural desire to please combined with their inherent intelligence makes them a natural but only if the training is oriented toward fun and reward.  The Japanese Chin is far too devoted and sensitive to be able to tolerate severe reprimand, correction or punishment without damaging trust in the person they are with.
Background Information
Year range of first recognition: 520 AD
Country of Origin: Japan
Original Function: companion
History: Owned by only Japanese nobility, the breed was introduced to the world by Commodore Perry in the early 1800s.
Adoption Information
Deviations from Standard: oversized, incorrect head and/or ear set
Health Notes: mitral valve disease (heart), cataracts (eye), epilepsy, atlantoaxial subluxation (spine),
Health Testing: CERF, Xray examination, Heart Evaluation
Questions to ask Breeder:  - The Breeder Questions as listed here provided with explanations and answers you will want to be looking for!
  • How long have you had Japanese Chin?
  • Why do you have Japanese Chin (show, performance, etc.)?
  • What do you consider to be the most important single characteristic of a Japanese Chin?
  • What health issues have you seen in the breed?
  • What criteria do you set for your breeding stock?
  • Do you plan to keep a puppy from this litter?
  • How often do you have puppies?
  • Do you have a written contract and puppy guarantee?
  • At what age do you sent your pups to their homes?
  • How would you describe the ideal Japanese Chin?
  • How would you describe the ideal Japanese Chin home?
  • Are your puppies whelped in your home?
  • What advice would you offer someone in raising and training an Japanese Chin?
  • How do you assist or help Japanese Chin in need of rescue?
  • Web Sites: - Japanese Chin Rescue

    Other Resources
    Breed standard: - Japanese Chin Standard for the UKC - Standard of the Japanese Chin Club of America

    Breeder Ethics: - Code of Ethics of the Japanese Chin Club of America

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