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American Indian Dog

Question exists as to whether the Native American Dog, American Indian Dog or whatever one might call it, could have even survived the persecution it would have received during the dark times of Native Americans at the hands of the Europeans.  While possible, as a pariah dog, that the dog could have survived, there is little question that it would have still randomly bred with the Hounds, Sporting and Working dogs of pioneering Europeans.  With all this said, it could be possible that such a "type" exists (again consistent with many pariah dogs naturally developed to their climate and geography world wide), if so, it is truly heartbreaking that they are now the focus of such a careless effort to protect them.  Without a strong, structured registry to protect them and the well documented guidance of a fancier group, they are more endangered than ever!  Current reference available on the internet appears to be the effort and power fix of a very few people who have the primary concern of controlling rather than protecting the breed.  Some of the links below, and notable absence of other needed documentation will help clarify this assertion.

By Breed Name
By Breed Name
General Information
Group(s): Primitive-Pariah Height: 18-21 inches
Weight: 25-45 lbs Longevity: teens
Colors: black, white, gray, red, tan, brown, silver and variations Coat type: straight, smooth, medium
Recognized Registries: none of repute
Overall Appearance: Various solid colors with darker tips and gradation, some white is acceptable
Personaility - Behavior - Training
Energy Level: high, intelligent and will require a job
General Nature: variable
  with Children: good if familiar from an early age (SOCIALIZE)
  with other pets: good if familiar from an early age (see above)
  with dogs: good if familiar from an early age (see above)
Socialization requirements: high
Ideal home characteristics: understanding of a territorial and protective companion
Temperament Notes: very close to wild ancestors, requires a certain amount of routine, quiet and stability to thrive as a pet
Training requirement:
Trainer notes:
Background Information
Year range of first recognition:
Country of Origin: North/South America but predominately the plains of the US
Original Function: Herding and other assistance to Native Americans
Adoption Information
Deviations from Standard:
Health Notes:
Health Testing:
Questions to ask Breeder:  - The Breeder Questions as listed here provided with explanations and answers you will want to be looking for!

  • How do you recognize an American Indian Dog?
  • How long have you been involved with American Indian Dogs?
  • What do you consider the ideal American Indian Dog temperament?
  • What health issues have you observed in the breed?
  • What do you consider an ideal home for an American Indian Dog?
  • Do you have a written contract and puppy guarantee?
  • Do you microchip?
  • At what age do you send your pups to their homes?
  • How often do you breed?
  • Do you intend to keep a puppy from this litter?
  • What suggestions do you have for socializing, training and raising a puppy?
  • How would you say that American Indian Dogs vary from other pariah type dogs?
Web Sites:

No reference to any American Indian Dog rescue could be found by DigitalDog researchers.  This does little to indicate any devotion or dedication that fanciers might have to their breed. Warning regarding the unscrupulous activities of those who would claim to have American Indian Dogs as a way to exploit mixes and those who would be gullible enough to purchase them.  This issue is not limited to this breed but is extremely common especially with breeds where registry and other administrative/ethical breeding activities are not documented and mandated.  Anytime you consider a dog that is not registered by a well established registry this is a definite risk.  Even when under the auspices of the best known registries, fraud is still possible and extremely common.

Other Resources
Breed standard: Standard of the American Indian Dog includes the following:

Now, thanks to all the years of research and selective breeding, hopefully, they can regain their proper place in our society to teach man to stay in touch with his natural instincts and the beauty around him.

A statement that would be very helpful to have verified and clarified but no reference exists anywhere in regards to this research.

Breeder Ethics: This link is not a code of ethics for all that the breed "club" lists it as such.  Instead it is an amalgam of by-laws (how the group is to operate) with minimal comment on the care of the dogs (namely that breeders promise not to "knowingly" sell to brokers, hunt clubs, pet shops, etc.).  Additionally, there is a rather counterproductive and vague need to regularly denounce the AKC without mentioning any specific issue.  Finally, it is especially disconcerting the exceptional and total authority exerted by the President to the point of being able to singularly approve and discipline members (who cannot register dogs unless they are a member).

Other: A comment on "hypoallergenic" dogs.  People can be allergic to many and virtually any substances.  Those who are allergic to something tend to be more sensitive to possible allergic reactions to other things.  While many (if not most) people with allergies to dogs are reacting to dander, this doesn't preclude that some are allergic instead to dog saliva or even hair (though of course, it can be difficult to separate and clarify).  With the exception of hairless breeds (who will still have dander), all dogs grow hair and are thus possible sources of allergic reactions.  For those that are sensitive to dander, curly coated dogs (Poodles, Bichons, Portuguese Water Dogs, Irish Water Spaniels and others) are considered hypoallergenic because their curly coats tend to catch shedding hair and thus dander (and make the dogs prone to mats without regular grooming).  This long explanation is to help anyone interested realize the very great unlikeliness than any smooth coated breed would be able to make a similar claim since the hypoallergenic component is generally nothing more than the retention of the dander deep in the coat, something a smooth coated dog cannot and will not do.
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